Evaluating Sources

  • Evaluating Sources of Information (Purdue): All sources aren't created equal. Purdue's Online Writing Lab offers these valuable tips for evaluating the sources and informational content you encounter.
  • Evaluating Print vs. Internet Sources (Purdue): Just because it's online doesn't mean it's good. Purdue's Online Writing Lab helps you sort the wheat from the chaff.

Incorporating Sources

  • Quotations (Duke): This guide will help you decide when to quote and when to paraphrase and explains the basic mechanics of incorporating quotations.
  • Diana Hacker's Research and Documentation Online: In addition to up-to-date information about research and citation styles, this online guide offers examples of papers written in different citation styles, so you can see how a style looks in action.
  • Paraphrase: Write It in Your Own Words (Purdue): Do you find yourself wanting to put text in your own words, but the original source says it so much better? Purdue's Online Writing Lab provides some strategies for effective paraphrasing without plagiarizing.
  • Whose Idea Was That? Examining the Importance of Citations at the University (Duke): Created by a Duke student, this short video features student and faculty perspectives on the significance of citation within academic research, as well as practical advice for students about citing effectively and accurately.
  • Using Statistics (Purdue): Numbers don't speak for themselves. Here's advice on how to use statistics effectively.
  • How to Read a Primary Source (Bowdoin): This website offers broad guidance for writing about history, but it includes a helpful section (2b) that includes tips for what kinds of questions to ask when evaluating a primary source. 

Avoiding Plagiarism

Citation Guides

  • New MLA Style Guide (Purdue): New MLA style guidelines go into effect April 2009.
  • Citation Builder (NCSU): North Carolina State's Citation Builder allows you to input source information and then formats MLA (old), APA, and CBE/CSE citations for you.
  • Citing Online Sources (Bedford/St. Martin's): Publisher Bedford/St. Martin's offers this guide to citing online sources in MLA (old), APA, Chicago Manual of Style, CBE, and other styles.
  • Citing Sources (Duke): Duke Library provides examples of in-text and bibliographic citations for the most common types of sources using MLA (old), Turabian, APA, Chicago Manual of Style, and CSE formats.
  • CSE [formerly CBE] Citation Guide (OSU): This handout models citations for the most common types of sources using CSE style, the style of the Council of Science Editors (formerly the Council of Biology Editors).

EndNote Software

  • EndNote and RefWorks software helps you keep track of bibliographic information and research notes. Also, these personal online databases format citations in the style of your choice. The Duke Library offers free classes to help you learn how to use each of these databases.

News Flash!

MLA citation style has changed! For a helpful summary of the most important changes, consult Purdue's Online Writing Lab MLA Update. For details, consult the 7th edition of the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (April, 2009). Also, click here for turkeys!